A dental implant is a titanium device that is imbedded in the maxilla or mandible (lower) tooth beds that supports a protruding stud to which a porcelain crown, dentures, or an implanted support bridge may be attached.
Titanium is used as it has a natural ability to promote oseointegration, which means it integrates directly into the body and allows allows the bone to grow around it and adhere, or fuse to it, making for a very durable, stable, and permanent platform for attachment. Although the bone will adhere, or fuse to the titanium implant, the implant lacks a periodontal ligament that your natural teeth have, so they will feel slightly different than your natural teeth when you chew.
Practically all implants used today are root-form endosseous implants, that is, the implant has a "root" similar to a natural tooth. Before these types of implants were used, dentists used either an implant that had a kind of "blade" that was imbedded in to the tooth bed, or a sub periosteal implant, in which a framework was constructed to lie upon the exposed bone of the mandible or maxilla and was attached to the bone with screws.
Other than for crowns or bridges, dental implants are sometimes used for braces as they can be used as anchorage for orthodontic tooth movement. The ADA has no specialty title or certification for dental implants.
Implant surgery may be performed as an outpatient under general anesthesia, oral conscious sedation, nitrous oxide sedation, intravenous sedation or under local anesthesia by trained and certified clinicians including general dentists, endodontists, oral surgeons, periodontitis, and prosthodontics.
Prior to implant surgery, your dentist will use x-ray information to "map" the way they will drill the bone to ensure that no vital nerves are damaged during the … Read the rest
The standard of care in the US for missing teeth is to replace the "gap" with dental implants. The implants are typically made of titanium and are placed into the jaw to aid with a tooth or a few teeth. The titanium implant can osseointegrate with the jaw. This means that the bone from the jaw can grow into the sides of the titanium implant, which will make the stability of it very solid.
During placement of a dental implant, drilling is achieved into the bone taking special care to avoid the nerves that are close by such as the inferior alveolar nerve. Typically irrigation is used during the drilling to prevent overheating.
The dental implants may be used to replace a single tooth or to support a full dental bridge, even replacing a full set of teeth. The most common form of dental implants are "root form", also termed "endosteal" implants. The shape of the implant resembles the natural root of the tooth and is ideal for those with a deep and healthy jawbone. If a patient does not have adequate bone for implant placement, a bone graft can be utilized.
Another type of dental implant that is used when the jaw is narrow and bone grafting is inappropriate is a plate form implant. Conventional surgery is used for placement with a second stage necessary to allow for initial healing.
If the patient does not have enough bone for either a root form or plate form implant, a subperiosteal dental implant may be the next best option. They have a higher failure rate and a higher cost, so this should be considered. It is a custom implant designed from an individual CT scan or dental impression with a 3-d model.
One of the more recent trends involves mini-dental implants. … Read the rest
The fitting of dental veneers is one of the latest and more popular cosmetic dentistry procedures. A tooth veneer is a wafer-thin shell made of porcelain or resin composite material. Veneers are typically bonded on the front surface of the teeth to fix a number of defects such as broken or chipped teeth, discoloration, gaps between teeth and poorly shaped teeth. They are mostly recommended by dentists to conserve teeth structure and give a glossy, beautiful appearance.
Dental Veneers Procedure
The dental veneers procedure is usually a two or three appointment process which requires a few minor teeth preparations. During the first visit, the dentist will examine your teeth, take dental x-rays, and then explain whether you are a qualified candidate for dental veneers. You will also have to explain the type of income you desire. The dentist may in some cases recommend teeth whitening instead of veneers. After the preliminary consultation, the dentist will get down to work.
A dutiful cosmetic dentist will consider a number of factors such as your facial structure, gum color, hair color, complexion, etc. They will then customize a smile shape based on this information. This is usually done in a dental laboratory and your custom-built veneer is ready within a week or so. Next is the try-in process, where the dentist will temporary attach the veneer to your teeth to see if it fits correctly and the color is suitable. An added try-in appointment may be scheduled until your smile looks perfect. The veneer will then be permanently bonded to your tooth and any final modifications will be made as needed.
This dental solution is known to last long, but it's important that you schedule regular visits to the dentist for checkups and cleanings. This will help to maintain your oral … Read the rest