Most dentists agree that the curriculum in the majority of dental schools does not adequately cover the subjects of orthopedics and orthodontics. I believe that the knowledge and understanding of orthopedics (functional orthodontics) is the missing link in the education of general dentists.

FUNCTIONAL ORTHODONTICS

Ideally, children with developing malocclusions should be treated with functional appliances in order to guide their growth and to prevent more serious problems later on. Functional orthodontics has, as its foundation, balanced function of all components of the stomatognathic system. Properly developed arches, patent airways, the mandible properly related to the maxilla, and correct vertical dimension all contribute to balanced function of the head, neck and facial muscles. Children treated with the functional philosophy can be done non-surgically and without the extraction of permanent teeth in most cases.

MAXILLARY ARCH

Since the roof of the mouth is the floor of the nose, a properly developed maxillary arch encouragements nasal breathing and can assist with improving such symptoms as nasal allergies, asthma, and sinus problems. One of the most common causes of constriction of the maxillary arch is an airway obstruction, which causes mouth breathing. Another cause of constraint would be enlarged tonsils, which prevent the tongue from posturing on the roof of the mouth upon swallowing. It is the ability of the tongue to position itself on the palate that allows for proper lateral development of the alveolar processes, which helps to develop the maxillary arch to its normal size.

MAXILLO-MANDIBULAR RELATIONSHIP

This narrowing of the maxillary arch, in turn, causes the mandible to be held in a retruded position. This retrusion of the mandible is implicated in jaw joint disorders as well as snoring and sleep apnea. The nerves and blood vessels are located at the back of the socket of the TMJ (jaw … Read the rest

Despite the available modern methods for oral care, many people have severely damaged or missing teeth. The causes are many with the major ones being stress, diseases and accidents. Thanks to the advancement of dental medicine, the serious problems can be fixed. In fact, there are different solutions available. Learn more about the main ones.

Veneers

The dental veneers are shells which go on the teeth and give them the desired shape, texture and look. They are widely used for filling gaps, for straightening uneven tooth alignment and for protecting worn-out enamel. They are also used for repairing cracked, chipped and discolored teeth.

The veneers are made from porcelain and this gives them a bright white surface, which will give you a gorgeous smile in turn. They have to be placed very carefully so that they do not recede from the gum line. They have to bond excellently to the teeth so that shifting is prevented. They typically have a useful life of 10 years.

Crowns

These have been around for quite some time and are still among the main solutions offered by cosmetic dentistry. The crowns are caps which are placed above the remaining healthy parts of severely damaged teeth. In order for a crown to be used, the tooth must have a healthy root and a top part which can hold the crown. The all-ceramic crowns are considered to be the best as they combine strength with great looks. With proper care, they are extremely long lasting.

Bridges

The bridges used to be the main solution for missing teeth. A bridge is a prosthesis which looks exactly the same as a real tooth. It is set in place of the missing tooth and is attached to the neighboring teeth. It forms a bridge and this is where its … Read the rest

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