It is not only the teeth that are part of dental surgery. Gum surgery falls under this as well. The purpose of your gums is to give shape and form to the contours of your mouth and provide as a frame for your teeth. Sometimes teeth may appear too long or too short, which is a clear sign of gum disease or recession. Many people opt for cosmetic surgery on their gums to keep their smile looking perfect.

There are only two types of cosmetic gum surgical procedures done; when gums are large (excessive gingival display) or when the gums are too small (gum recession). A "gummy smile" occurs when the teeth are too worn, or a long jawbone, or a short upper lip that causes the teeth to appear small and the gums appear large. A long tooth smile (excessive gingival display) is caused by receding gums, exposing the teeth, resulting in a weaker frame and teeth.

What types of surgery is needed for this? For excess gingival display, gum tissue is remodeled and / or removed to make it more proportioned with teeth. Lasers are the tool of choice for reshaping gums. If a laser is not enough, crown lengthening is done on the teeth as well. After the surgery, the patient is advised to gargle anti-bacterial rinse for two weeks to avoid infection.

Gum recession is when the gums have receded due to many factors. The procedure to fix it involves taking tissue from the roof of the mouth and grafting it on the part of the gums that need repair. The grafted tissue serves to strengthen the gums and teeth. Gums are sometimes lifted instead, covering the exposed teeth. Unlike excessive gingival display, gum recession poses some health risks. If the tooth is not covered by … Read the rest

Periodontal or gum disease can range from a simple inflammation to a serious gum disease. It may result in teeth loss in a worst case scenario. Gum diseases can be preceded by proper oral hygiene. The bacteria, mucus and other particles in our mouth create a sticky colorless substance referred to as "plaque" on the teeth. Flossing and brushing can get rid of this. When plaque is not removed it hardens to form 'tartar'. Daily brushing can not clean this' tartar. "In such a situation, you require professional dental help.

Non surgical treatments include:

Professional dental cleaning

Once you go for a dental checkup, the dentist will assess the gravity of the plaque. In most cases, professional cleaning is recommended. The build up on the teeth is best removed through professional cleaning. If you have signs of gum disease, you may need to get cleaned at least twice a year. The dentist will recommend the frequency of the cleaning based on his assessment of your teeth and gums.

Root planning and scaling

Scaling is deep cleaning. The procedure is done under local anesthetic. Plaque and tartar are removed from the gum line. The scrapping away of plaque is referred to as scaling. The rough spots of the root are smoothened out, and this procedure is called 'planning'. Smoothing is essential because bacteria spots are removed and the teeth now have a clean surface to reattach themselves to. Root planning and scaling is recommended if the doctor ascertains that you have plaque or calculus (hardened tartar or plaque) that needs to be scraped away. A proper examination will reveal whether you need deep cleaning or if a regular clean will suffice.

Signs of gum disease

Periodontal disease symptoms are often unnoticeable until the advanced stages. Some of the telltale signs of … Read the rest

The most common Periodontal or gum diseases include Gingivitis and Periodontitis which although have no symptoms, can damage the bone and tooth. The periodontal disease become chronic as the bacterial infection affects the bone structure and the gums around the tooth.

Periodontal disease may directly affect just one tooth or more and starts when there is a constant accumulation of plaque. Over time, the plaque builds up especially when there is no regular brushing and flossing. The initial few symptoms that you may note is soft gums that tend to bleed easily during brushing, slight inflammation and grayish outline of the teeth where it joins the gum line.

The first stage of the gum disease is known as Gingivitis. It is the mildest form of periodontal diseases and does not have any discomfort. While gingivitis is caused by poor oral health, it is reversible and can be remedied with professional treatment and oral care. It is best to seek treatment as early as possible.
The other dental disorder, Periodontitis is the next stage of gingivitis. As the plaque spreads and grows, just below the gum line, the bacterial infestations release chemicals that irritate the gums, leading to inflammation. The chemicals kick-start an auto response of inflammation and the destruction of bone and tissues starts.

Spaces appear between the gums and the teeth which then became infected. As the oral disease progresses, the gaps increase and more of the tissue and bone are destroyed. However, the most alarming factor needs to be considered that there are virtually no or extremely mild symptoms and then, damage is higher as you tend to never reflect the amount of damage that is done. As it progresses, the teeth become loose and fall of on their own or require extraction.

Periodontitis has different forms which … Read the rest

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