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习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想在浙江的萌发与实践(3)——从“千万工程”到乡村振兴战略

时间: 2018/08/01 浏览次数:

zhejiangshengzhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixiyanjiuzhongxin

“zhongguoyaoqiang,nongyebixuqiang;zhongguoyaomei,nongcunbixumei;zhongguoyaofu,nongminbixufu。”zhongguoshiyigefazhanzhong“sannong”daguo,“sannong”wentizaiwoguogeming、jianshehegaigegegeshiqidouzhanyoutebiezhongyaodeweizhi。xijinpingtongzhizaizhangqidejicenggongzuoshijianzhong,yu“sannong”gongzuojiexiabujiezhiyuan,houzhiledui“sannong”fazhandezhenzhiqinghuai,leijilejiejue“sannong”wentidefengfujingyan。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizhanzaishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdelishigaodu,dui“sannong”gongzuojinxinglegengjiaxitongdesikaohemouhua,zuochuleshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedezhongdajuecehezouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixiangcunzhenxingdaoludezhanlvebushu,xingchenglejuyouxianmingshidaitezhengdexijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiang,weiebetguanwangzuohaoxinshidai“sannong”gongzuozhimingleqianjinfangxiang,tigonglegenbenzunxun。congzaizhejianggongzuoqijiantichude“qianwangongcheng”daoxiangcunzhenxingzhanlve,xijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuoderenshilun、shijianlun、fangfalunyiyiguanzhi。huisuxijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangzaizhejiangdemengfajishijianlicheng,duiyuquanmianbawozheiyisixiangdeshenkeneihanhejingsuiyaoyijuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

yi、xijinpingtongzhizaizhejianggongzuoqijianebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaojuecebushu

zaizhejianggongzuoqijian,xijinpingtongzhipaobiansuoyouxian(shi、qu),shenrunongcunjiceng,shenrutianjianditou,lejie“sannong”fazhanshiqing,weiraofazhannongye、zaofunongcun、fuyunongmin,tichuleyixiliesixiangguandianhezhengcejucuo,zaishengyucengmianduipojie“sannong”fazhannantijinxinglechuangxinxingtansuo。

1.zhenduinongcunzhihoudejingjifazhanyuquanmianjianshexiaokangshehuizhijiandechaju、“zang、luan、san、cha”denongcunmianmaoyurixinyueyidechengshimianmaozhijiandefancha,dalishishi“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongcheng,kaiqilezhejiangmeilixiangcunjianshedehongweipianzhang。zigaigekaifangzhibenshijichu,zhejiangjingjijinglileershiduoniandegaosufazhan,yicongyigeluyuziyuanbingbuchongyudeshengfenyiyuechengweijingjidasheng,jingjishehuifazhanhenongminshourujunzaiquanguoqianlie。congquanmianjianshexiaokangshehui、tiqianjibenshixianxiandaihuadeyaoqiulaikan,quanshengrenminshenghuoshuipingzongtishangyidadaoxiaokang,danrengshidishuiping、buquanmian、fazhanhenbupinghengdexiaokang,zheizhongzhuangkuangjizhongfanyingzainongcun,“zang、luan、san、cha”derenjuhuanjing,jiaoweiluohoudedaolu、shuidiandengjichusheshi,fazhanzhihoudejiaoyu、yiliao、weisheng、wenhuadenggonggongshiye,yunongminqunzhongduimeihaoshenghuodexuqiuxingchengleqiangliefancha。2003nian1yue,xijinpingtongzhizaiquanshengnongcungongzuohuiyishangmingquezhichu,“yaoquanmianjianshexiaokangshehui,tiqianjibenshixianxiandaihua,zengjianongminshouruderenwuzuipoqie,fazhanxiandainongyederenwuzuijianju,gaibiannongcunmianmaoderenwuzuifanzhong”。2003nian6yue,zaixijinpingtongzhiqinzidiaoyan、qinzibushu、qinzituidongxia,zhejiangshengqidong“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongcheng。zaiquansheng“qianwangongcheng”huiyishang,xijinpingtongzhitichu,congquanshengxuanze1wangezuoyoudexingzhengcunjinxingquanmianzhengzhi,baqizhong1000gezuoyoudezhongxincunjianchengquanmianxiaokangshifancun。cihou,xijinpingtongzhimeinianzhuchizhaokaixianchanghui,fabiaozhongyaojianghua,douba“qianwangongcheng”zuoweiyibashougongchenglaizhua,shenrutuijinxinnongcunjianshe。dao2007nian,quansheng10303gejianzhicundedaozhengzhi,qizhong1181gecunjianshechengwei“quanmianxiaokangjiansheshifancun”。tongshi,weiraotishengnongminshenghuozhiliang,zheliyindaochengshijichusheshihegonggongfuwuxiangnongcunyanshenfugai,nulisuoxiaochengxiangchaju,weizhejiangzaiquanguolvxiankaizhantongchouchengxiangfazhan、tuidongchengxiangyitihuajianshe、pochuchengxiangeryuanjiegouyingdelexianji。

2.weiraotansuoyitiaojinengfahuizhejiangbijiaoyoushiyounengkefuchuantongnongyefazhannanti、shixiannongyeyouhaoyoukuaifazhandelujing,dalifazhangaoxiaoshengtainongye,kaiqilezhejiangxinxingnongyexiandaihuafazhanzhilu。dangdeshiliudayilai,zhejiangyiquanmianjinruyigongcunong、yichengdaixiangdefazhanxinjieduan,nongyefazhandehongguanxingshifashenglebianhua。suizhegongyehua、chengzhenhua、shichanghuadekuaisutuijin,nianqinglizhuangdenongcunlaodonglidaliangzhuanyidaoer、sanchanye,nongyejingyingchuxianlefuyehua、jianyehua、laolinghuaquxiang;suizherenmenshenghuoshuipingdetigaohenongchanpinguojiguoneishichangjingzhengdejiaju,nongchanpinzhilianganquanshuipingbugao、nongyezuzhihuachengdujiaodi、shichangzhutijingzhenglibuqiangdewentiyujiatuchu。tongshi,nongyetudiziyuanzhunianjianshao、shuiziyuanjinque、jichusheshiboruo、zijintourubuzu、shengchannenghaohechengbenbuduanshangshengdengxiliewenti,kunraozhezhejiangnongyedetishengfazhan。xijinpingtongzhizaiquanmianfenxizhejiangziyuanbingfu、jingjishehuifazhanshuipinghenongyefazhanxinxingshidejichushang,qianzhanxingdizuochuledalifazhangaoxiaoshengtainongyedezhanlvejuece,tichubafazhangaoxiaoshengtainongyezuoweizhejiangfazhanxiandainongyedejutishijianxingshi。2004nian1yue,xijinpingtongzhizhichu,yao“chongfenfahuiwoshengdebijiaoyoushi,bafazhangaoxiaoshengtainongyezuoweixiaoyinongyedezhugongfangxiang”。gaoxiaoshengtainongyeyilvsexiaofeixuqiuweidaoxiang,juyougaotouru、gaochanchu、gaoxiaoyiyukechixufazhandetexing,shijiyuehuajingyingyushengtaihuashengchanyoujiouhedexiandainongye。zhejiangfazhangaoxiaoshengtainongye,jishunyinglefazhanxiandainongyedequshi,youtiehelerenduodishaodejingjijiaofadadiqunongyefazhandeteshuxing,shichongfenfahuibijiaoyoushi、jiakuainongyexiandaihuajianshedebiranxuanze。

3.zheyanmibushuangcengjingyingtizhideduanban,dalituidongnongminhezuojingjizuzhihehezuofuwutixidegaigefazhan,tansuojianlinongminzhuanyehezuoshe,jiakuailezhejiangnongcunjibenjingyingzhidugaigebufa。gaigekaifangyilai,woguocong“yidaergong”derenmingongshetizhizhuanbianweijitijingyinghejiatinglianchanchengbaozerenzhifensanjingyingxiangjiehedeshuangcengjingyingtizhi。zhejianggesijingjixiangduifada,zijiatingchengbaozhishixingyilai,getifensanjingyingjiqizhuanyedahu、jiatingnongchangdengxinxingzhutideyifayuchengzhang,danshihenduodifangjitijingjizuzhitongyijingyingfuwugongnengbianruo,tongyijingyingcengcifazhanquefa,jitijingjizuzhihuansan,nengliruoxiao,fanguolaiyouyingxiangdaojiatingfensanjingyinghenongyexiandaihuashuiping。xijinpingtongzhidaozhejianggongzuohou,shifenguanxinbingduocidiaoyannongminhezuojingjizuzhihehezuofuwutixidegaigefazhan,duijiaxingpinghuchuangxinmaozedongtongzhipishiguode“xincangjingyan”degongxiaoshegaigehewenzhouruianzujiandenongcunhezuoxiehuidegaigetansuozuochulezhongyaopishi。weigenghaocujinnongminzhuanyehezuoshedefazhan,mibushuangcengjingyingtizhideduanban,zaixijinpingtongzhidetuidongxia,zhejiangyu2004nianbanbule《zhejiangshengnongminzhuanyehezuoshetiaoli》,2005nianchutaile《ebetguanwangjinyibujiakuaifazhannongminzhuanyehezuoshedeyijian》,weinongminhezuoshefazhantigonglezhengcehefalvbaozhang,yeweiquanguorenda2007nianzhiding《nongminzhuanyehezuoshefa》tigonglexianxingxianshidejingyan。zai2006nianzhaokaidequanshengfazhannongcunxinxinghezuojingjigongzuoxianchanghuishang,xijinpingtongzhiduifazhanshengchanhezuo、gongxiaohezuo、xinyonghezuo“sanweiyiti”nongcunxinxinghezuojingjizuzhitixijianshezuolexuanchuanfadong,bingzaizhihoudequanshengnongcungongzuohuiyishangzuochulequanmianbushu。xijinpingtongzhiqiangdiao,“jiakuainongcunjibenjingyingzhiduchuangxinshinongcunshichangjingjifazhandebiranyaoqiu”“nongcunxinxinghezuojingjizaijianchihewendingnongcuntongfenjiehedeshuangcengjingyingtizhidejichushang,jinyibufengfuleshuangcengjingyingtizhizhong‘tong’deneihan,chuangzaolexindexingshi,jiaqianglenongminzhuanyehezuodeboruohuanjie,weijiatingshengchanjingyingjinyibuzouxiangshichang、zouxiangxiandaihuakaipilexindekongjian,keyishuoshinongcunshengchanguanxihenongyejingyingtizhideyouyigechuangxin”。

ebet官网4.lizuxingchengyigongcunong、yichengdaixiangdefazhanjizhi,shixianchengxianghubu、hucugongjin、xiediaofazhanhegongtongfanrongdemubiao,dalituijinchengxiangyitihuajianshe,kaichuanglezhejiangtongchouchengxiangfazhanxinjumian。chengxiangguanxishijingjishehuifazhanzhongjiqizhongyaodeyiduiguanxi。tongchouchengxiangfazhan,jiushiyaotupochengxiangeryuanjiegou,bachengshiyunongcunzuoweiyigezhengtilaichouhua。2004nian,zhejiangrenjunshengchanzongzhijiejin3000meiyuan,chengxiangjuminrenjunshouruhenongcunquanmianxiaokangshixiandujunweijuquanguoshengqushouwei,quanshengchengshihuashuipingyida54%,keyishuoyijubeiyigongcunong、yichengdaixianghegongyefanbunongye、chengshidaidongnongcundejingjishehuitiaojian。2003nian,xijinpingtongzhitichu“babazhanlve”shi,jiujiang“jinyibufahuizhejiangdechengxiangxiediaofazhanyoushi,tongchouchengxiangjingjishehuifazhan,jiakuaituijinchengxiangyitihua”zuoweizhongyaozhanlvejinxingbujuheshishi。2004nian,xijinpingtongzhizhuchizhiding《zhejiangshengtongchouchengxiangfazhantuijinchengxiangyitihuagangyao》,tongchouchengxiangchanyefazhan、shehuishiyefazhan、jichusheshijianshe、laodongjiuyeheshehuibaozhang、shengtaihuanjingjianshehetongchouquyujingjishehuifazhandengliudatongchougongzuoquanmianzhankai,zhejiangchengweiquanguozuizaofabuheshishichengxiangyitihuagangyaodeshengfen,bingchuangshexiangzhenkejitepaiyuanhenongcungongzuozhidaoyuanzhidu,duinongcunjinxingzhidaobangfu。2005nian,xijinpingtongzhizai《renminribao》fabiaoshumingwenzhang,zhichu,“tongchouchengxiangxing‘sannong’,zheishiconggenbenshangjiejue‘sannong’wentibixuzhangqijianchidefazhanfanglve”“qiangdiaotongchouchengxiangxing‘sannong’,jiushizhanzaijingjishehuifazhanquanjudegaodu,queliyitongchouchengxiangfazhandefanglvejiejue‘sannong’wentidexinsilu,shixinggongyefanbunongye、chengshizhichinongcundefangzhen;jiushibanongyefazhanfangdaozhenggeguominjingjifazhanzhongtongchoukaolv,banongcundefanrongjinbufangdaozhenggeshehuijinbuzhongtongchouguihua,banongminzengshoufangdaoguominshourufenpeidezongtigejuzhongtongchouanpai;jiushibanongcunhechengzhenzuoweiyigeyoujitongyidezhengtijiayitongchouxiediao,xingchengyichengdaixiang、yigongcunong、chengxianghudong、xiediaofazhandetizhihejizhi。”2006nian,zhejiangshengyouzhidingle《ebetguanwangquanmiantuijinshehuizhuyixinnongcunjianshedejueding》,tuidongshishi“qianwannongcunlaodonglipeixungongcheng”,shishichengxiangzhiyejiaoyu“liuxiangxingdongjihua”,“sangeshuangwanjiedui”huodongdeng,jinyibujiakuailechengxiangtongchoufazhanjincheng。

ebet官网5.zhiliyu“bubapinkuncun、pinkunrenkoudairuquanmianxiaokangshehui”,dalishishi“shanhaixiezuo”“qianfadaxiangzhenbenxiaokang”“baiyibangfuzhifu”denggongcheng,tansuoshijianleqianfadadiqubaituopinkundezhejianglujing。benshijichudezhejiang,zaixiaochupinkunxiandejichushang,2000—2002nianshishi“baixiangfupingongjianjihua”,pinkunxiangzhenruqishixianletuopinmubiao,zhejiangchengweiquanguodiyigemeiyoupinkunxiangzhendeshengqu。xijinpingtongzhidaozhejianggongzuohoubujiu,jiudaolishui、quzhoudengdijinxingzhuantidiaoyan,bushubashishi“qianfadaxiangzhenbenxiaokanggongcheng”zuoweituijinqianfadadiqukuayueshifazhandezhongyaozuchengbufen。tatichu,“bunengbapinkuncun、pinkunrenkoudairuquanmianxiaokangshehui”“xiandaihuajianshebunengliumangqusijiao,shixianquanmianxiaokangyigexiangzhenyebunengdiaodui”。2006nian,xijinpingtongzhiqiangdiao,“jinyibujiada‘shanhaixiezuo’‘qianfadaxiangzhenbenxiaokang’he‘baiyibangfuzhifu’denggongchengdeshishilidu,zhelixingchengquyujianhudongfazhan、shixiangongyingdegeju”。2007nian1yue,tayouqiangdiao,“bafupinzheijianshizhazhashishizuohao。wuyishanxiaoerbuwei,suiranbilishixiaode,renkoushishaode,haoxiangwuguanzhejiangshengdaju,cuole,yigeyebunengshao”。xijinpingtongzhicongzhejiangshijichufa,jinyibuxitongtichuhetansuoshijianleqianfadadiqubaituopinkundelujing,zhuyaoyou: poqiongzhang,gaishanqianfadadiqufazhanhuanjing,lajinyuzhongxinchengshihefadadiqudejuli,conggenbenshanggaibianqunzhongshengchanshenghuotiaojian;gaiqiongye,chongfenfahuiqianfadadiqudeshengtaihuanjingheshandidengziyuanyoushi,jijituijinchanyejiegoudiaozheng,zuodazuojinglvsefuminchanye;nuoqiongwo,caiqushichanghuajizhiyuzhengfuyindaoxiangjiehedebanfa,yindaokuquheshanqunongminxiangpingyuanfadadiquhechengzhenqianyijiju,yindizhiyituijinshengtaiyiminhechengzhenhua;waqionggen,badalijiaqiangjiaoyupeixunzuoweituopinzhifudegenbenjucuo,lvxianzaiqianfadadiqushishimianfeizhongzhuanzhiyejiaoyu,weitamenchuangzaopingdengfazhandetiaojian。dao2007nian,zhejiangqianfadaxiangzhennongminrenjunshourudadao4500yuan,wanchengxiashanbanqian10.2wanhu、36.3wanren,80%yishangdeqianfadaxiangzhennongminrenjunshouruchaoguolequanguopingjunshuiping,gexiangmubiaorenwuquanmianwancheng。

er、xijinpingtongzhiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaojuecebushuzaizhejiangdeshijianchengxiao

2018nian4yue,xijinpingzongshujipishizhichu: “zhejiangsheng15nianjianjiujiuweigong,zhashituijin‘qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi’gongcheng,zaojiulewanqianmeilixiangcun,qudelexianzhuchengxiao。”shiduonianlai,zhejiangshengwei、shengzhengfujianchiyizhanglantuhuidaodi、yirenjiezheyirengan,xingchenglexitongtuijin“sannong”fazhandedageju,mairulenongyeqiang、nongcunmei、nongminfudexinzhengcheng。

1.“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongchengchixushengji,zhejiangmeilixiangcunjiansherixinyueyi。zi2003nian“qianwangongcheng”kaiqixiangcunhuanjingzhengzhiyilai,zhejiangshengchixutuijinmeilixiangcunjianshe。2010nianzhejiangzhidingshishile《zhejiangshengmeilixiangcunjianshexingdongjihua》,tichule“simeisanyiliangyuan”demubiaoyaoqiu,meilixiangcunjianshechengwei“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongchengdexinmubiao,dazao“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongcheng2.0ban。2012nian,zhejiangshengxiangyingdangdeshibadaebetguanwangshengtaiwenminghemeilizhongguojianshedexinyaoqiu,weirao“liangmeizhejiang”jianshexinmubiao,jinyibushenhuameilixiangcunjianshe,zhiliyudazaomeilixiangcunshengjiban,chutaile《zhejiangshengshenhuameilixiangcunjianshexingdongjihua》,dazao“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongcheng3.0ban。2017nian,zhejiangshengdishisicidangdaihuitichu,yaojixushenrutuijinmeilixiangcunjianshe,bingzuochutuijinwancunjingquhuajianshedexinjuece,jidao2020nianleijijiancheng1wangeajijingqucunzhuang,qizhong3ajijingqucunzhuang1000ge。zheiyixiang“qiancun3ajingqu、wancunajijingqu”de“xinqianwangongcheng”shishengwei、shengzhengfuyushijujinzuochudexindezhanlvebushu,chengwei“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongcheng4.0ban,gengshiluoshixijinpingzongshujiduizhejiangtichude“yaojixutuijinmeilixiangcunjianshe,ba‘qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi’gongchengtigaodaoxindeshuiping”zheiyixinzhishideshijixingdong。jingguoshiwuniandebuxienuli,zhejiangyi“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongchengweiyinlingdemeilixiangcunjianshequdelexianzhuchengji。quanshengsuoyoucunzhuangjunwanchengrenjuhuanjingzhengzhirenwu,cunzhuangdejichusheshi、shengchantiaojian、cunrongcunmaohewenhuajianshe、gonggongfuwudoufashenglejudabianhua,shixianlecuncuntonggongjiao、cuncuntongkuandai、cuncunyougonggongfuwuzhongxin,quanshengsuoyoucunzhuangshixianlelajijizhongshoujihewuhaihuachuli、nongcunwushuijizhongchuli、nongfanghetingyuanquanmianzhengzhi,jianchengleyidapimeilixiangcunjingpincunhemeilixiangcunfengjingxian,anji、deqing、pujiang、tonglu、jiangshan、xiangshandengxian(shi)chengweigaobiaozhundemeilixiangcunshifanxian。

2.nongyegongjitixizhiliangchixutisheng,xiandainongyefazhanquanmiantuijin。zi2004nianxijinpingtongzhitichu“zougaoxiaoshengtaidexinxingnongyexiandaihuadaolu”yilai,zhejiangjijishunyingxiaofeixuqiushengji、shengtaiwenminglvsefazhandexinyaoqiu,jiandingdibagaoxiaoshengtainongyezuoweizhugongfangxiang。dangdeshibadayilai,genjuzhongyangzhashituijinnongyegongjicejiegouxinggaigedezhanlvebushu,zhejiangnuligaishannongyegongjitixidezhilianghexiaoyi,tuidongnongyezhuanxingshengjifazhan,qudelelingrenzhumudexinchengjiu,chengweiquanguoweiyidexiandaishengtaixunhuannongyeshidiansheng、shougechumuyelvsefazhanshifansheng、shougenongye“jiqihuanren”shifansheng、shougetuixingshengchangongxiaoxinyong“sanweiyiti”nonghelianzuzhigaigejianshedeshidiansheng,weizhongguotesedexinxingnongyexiandaihuatigonglezhejiangyangben。weiraogaoxiaoshengtainongyefazhanyaoqiu,zhejiangchixutishengnongye“liangqu”jiansheshuiping,tuijinnongyejijufazhan、jiyuefazhan,pojienongyejichuruodenanti;jianchi“lvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshan”delvsefazhanxinlinian,tuijinnongyelvsehua、pinzhihua,pojienongyebushengtaidenanti;tuozhanduogongnengnongyexinyetai,cuishengnongyexinyetai、xingongneng,pojienongyebugaoxiaodenanti;dalipeiyunongyexinxingjingyingzhutihexinxingzhiyenongmin,pojie“sheilaizhongtian”denanti。

3.nongyenongcungaigechixushenhua,chengxiangronghefazhanbulvwenjian。shunyingquanmianshenhuanongyenongcungaigedexinqushi,zhejiangjianchixianggaigeyaodongli、yaohongli、yaohuoli,quanmiantisheng“sannong”fazhanshuiping。yishilvxianzaiquanguotuijinnongcun“sanquan”gaige。2014nianchu,zhejiangbushu“sanquandaoren(hu)、quansuiren(hu)zou”gaige,gedigebumenjiakuaituijinnongdi、zhaijidi、nongcunjitichanquandequequan、dengji、banzhengdengjichuxinggongzuo。dao2015niandi,quansheng99.4%decun(she)wanchenggaige,zaiquanguolvxianquanmianwanchengnongcunjitizichanquequangongzuo,shiquanguoshougewancheng“sanquan”daoren(hu)nongcunchanquanzhidugaigedeshengfen,youxiaojifalenongyenongcungeleiyaosudeshichanghuoli。ershijiakuaigaigenongcunhujizhidu。2013nian,deqingxianzuoweiquanshengshougeshidianxianqidonglehujiguanlizhidugaige。2015niandi,zhejiangshengzhengfuchutai《ebetguanwangjinyibutuijinhujizhidugaigedeshishiyijian》,tichuquanmianfangkaixian(shi)luohuxianzhi,youxufangkaidazhongchengshiluohuxianzhi,quxiaonongyehukouyufeinongyehukouxingzhiqufen,biaozhizhequanshenghujizhidugaigejinruquanmianshishijieduan。sanshichengxiangyitiyiliaoyanglaodengshehuibaozhangzhidujinyibuwanshan。2014niandi,quansheng11geshequshidouzhidingchutaileshiyutongyidechengxiangjuminjibenyiliaobaoxianzhidu,lvxianzaiquanguowanchengchengxiangjuminyibaozhineng、zhidu、jingbanbinggui。dao2015niandi,quanshengchengxiangjuminyibaocanbao3202wanren,zongcanbaolvdadao95%,quanminyibaotixijibenxingcheng,binglvxianshixiandabingbaoxianzhiduquanshengquanfugai。chengxiangjuminpingjundibaobiaozhunwenbutigao,chengxiangdibaochajujinyibusuoxiao。2012nianchengxiangdibaopingjunbiaozhunfenbieweimeirenmeiyue515.49yuanhe393.42yuan,2017nianchengxiangdibaopingjunbiaozhunfenbieweimeirenmeiyue739yuanhe730yuan,yijingjibenchiping。tongshi,jijitansuonongcunlinquandiya、tudijingyingquandiya、nongcunhuzhuzijindengnongcunjinrongtizhigaigeyijinongyehuzhubaoxiandenggaige。zongzhi,tongguoyixiliechengxiangzonghepeitaogaige,jidadituidonglenongyefazhanzhengcezhiduhuanjingdegaishan,weinongyefazhantigonglexindongneng,cujinlezhejianggaoxiaoshengtaixinxingnongyexiandaihuadefazhan。

4.nongcunjingjifazhanchixuxianghao,fupinkaifaqudelishixingchengxiao。jinnianlai,zhejiangjianjueguanchejingzhunfupin、jingzhuntuopindezhanlvebushu,jianchibafupinkaifarongru“sihuatongbu”jincheng,jianchixiaochujueduipinkunyujianhuanxiangduipinkunbingzhong、quyufazhanyuquntizengshoubingzhong、banqianjijuyujiudifazhanbingzhong、zaoxuefupinyushuxuefupinbingzhong,jianchizhuanxiangfupin、xingyefupin、shehuifupin“sanweiyiti”dedafupingeju,dalishishidishourunonghubenxiaokanggongcheng、dishourunonghushourubeizengjihua、zhongdianqianfadaxiantebiefuchijihua、shanhaixiezuogongcheng、shanqujingjifazhandengyixiliefupingongcheng,fupinkaifaqudelishixingchengjiu。2015nian,zhejiangquanmianxiaochujiatingrenjunshouru4600yuanyixiajueduipinkunxianxiang;2016nian,quanshengdishourunonghurenjunkezhipeishourutupowanyuan,dadao10169yuan,yuquanshengnongcunjuminrenjunkezhipeishourubeichasuoxiaozhi2.25,cunjunjitijingjishourudadao123wanyuan。zongtishangkan,zhejiangnongcunjuminrenjunkezhipeishourubaochilechixujiaokuaizengzhang,2017nianquanshengnongcunjuminrenjunkezhipeishouru24956yuan,lianxu33nianbaochiquanguogeshengqudiyi;chengxiangshouruchajuchixusuoxiao,2017nianquanshengchengxiangshourubijiangwei2.05:1,yuandiyuquanguo2.7:1deshuiping。

san、xijinpingtongzhizaizhejianggongzuoqijiandui“sannong”gongzuodetansuo,weixijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangtigonglezhongyaolilunheshijianjichu

dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujiduociduinongye、nongcun、nongminwentifabiaozhongyaojianghua,shenkechanshule“sannong”gongzuozhongdaiyouquanjuxing、fangxiangxing、zhanlvexingdezhongdalilunheshijianwenti。xijinpingtongzhizaizhejianggongzuoqijianxingchengde“sannong”fazhanlinianyuxijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangzaijingshenshangshigaoduqihede,shidifangzhilitansuojinyibushenghuaweiguojiazhilisixiangdexianxingxianshi,shenkejieshilezuohaoxinshiqi“sannong”gongzuodeguilvxingrenshi。

(yi)xijinpingtongzhizaizhejianggongzuoqijiandui“sannong”gongzuodetansuo,weixijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangdiandinglezhongyaodeshijianjichu

1.cong“qianwangongcheng”daomeilixiangcunjiansheheshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlve。xijinpingzongshujiduociqiangdiao,“yidingyaokandao,nongyehaishi‘sihuatongbu’deduantui,nongcunhaishiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuideduanban”“renheshihoudoubunenghushinongye、bunengwangjinongmin、bunengdanmonongcun”。dangqianwoguozuidadebupinghengshichengxiangfazhandebupingheng,zuidadebuchongfenshinongcunfazhandebuchongfen。dangdeshijiudaba“shishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlve”zuoweijueshengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、quanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo、jiejuewoguoshehuizhuyaomaodundeyixiangzhongdazhanlverenwu,jiyuanyuduiguoqing、nongqingdeshenkebawo,yeshijiejuerenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaohebupinghengbuchongfendefazhanzhijianmaodundebiranyaoqiu。2013nianshi“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”10zhounian,xijinpingzongshujizuochuzhongyaozhishi,qiangdiaoyaorenzhenzongjiezhejiangshengkaizhan“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongchengdejingyanbingjiayituiguang。2015nian5yue,xijinpingzongshujizaizhejiangkaochashizhichu,meilizhongguoyaokaomeilixiangcundajichu,zhejiangjianshemeilixiangcunyouziranbingfu,yeyoudangniankaizhan“qiancunshifan、wancunzhengzhi”gongchengdeqianzhanxing。2018nian4yue,xijinpingzongshujiyouzuochuzhongyaozhishi,“yaojieheshishinongcunrenjuhuanjingzhengzhisannianxingdongjihuahexiangcunzhenxingzhanlve,jinyibutuiguangzhejianghaodejingyanzuofa,jianshehaoshengtaiyijudemeilixiangcun”“yijianshiqingjiezheyijianshiqingban,yinianjiezheyiniangan,jianshehaoshengtaiyijudemeilixiangcun,rangguangdanongminzaixiangcunzhenxingzhongyougengduohuodegan、xingfugan”。zheiyixilielunshuchongfenfanyingleshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedui“qianwangongcheng”、meilixiangcunjianshedejichenghefazhan。

2.congzougaoxiaoshengtaidexinxingnongyexiandaihuadaoludaonongyegongjicejiegouxinggaige。zougaoxiaoshengtaidexinxingnongyexiandaihuadaolushigenjuzhejiangshengqing、nongqingzuochudekexuepanduan,shizhishangjiushituidongnongyecongruozhichanyexiangqiangzhichanyefazhan,yeshinongyegongjicejiegouxinggaigedexianxingtansuo。2007nian,xijinpingtongzhizai《renminribao》fabiaole《zougaoxiaoshengtaidexinxingnongyexiandaihuadaolu》dewenzhang,(xiazhuandisiban)

(jinjiedisanban)xitongchanshulezoujingjigaoxiao、chanpinanquan、ziyuanjieyue、huanjingyouhao、jishumiji、tuxianrenliziyuanyoushidexinxingnongyexiandaihuadaoludeneihan,bingqiecongjianshenongyedechanyetixi、jingyingtixi、fuwutixiyijijianquanzhengfuduixiandainongyedezhichihebaohutixidengfangmian,tichuleqiangnongdesixianglilunhezhengcekuangjia。jiuquanguocengmianeryan,jingguoduonianbuxienuli,woguonongyenongcunfazhanbuduanmaishangxintaijie,yijinruxindelishijieduan。2016nian3yue,xijinpingzongshujizhichu,xinxingshixia,nongyezhuyaomaodunyijingyouzongliangbuzuzhuanbianweijiegouxingmaodun,zhuyaobiaoxianweijieduanxingdegongguoyuqiuhegongjibuzubingcun。tuijinnongyegongjicejiegouxinggaige,tigaonongyezonghexiaoyihejingzhengli,shidangqianhejinhouyigeshiqiwoguonongyezhengcegaigehewanshandezhuyaofangxiang。2017nianzhongyangyihaowenjian《ebetguanwangshenrutuijinnongyegongjicejiegouxinggaige,jiakuaipeiyunongyenongcunfazhanxindongnengderuoganyijian》,mingquelenongyegongjicejiegouxinggaige“you”“lv”“xin”dezongtifangxiangheyaoqiu,yaoqiuyouhuachanpinchanyejiegou,zhelituijinnongyetizhizengxiao;tuixinglvseshengchanfangshi,zengqiangnongyekechixufazhannengli;zhuangdaxinchanyexinyetai,tuozhannongyechanyelian、jiazhilian;qianghuakejichuangxinqudong,yinlingxiandainongyejiakuaifazhan。zheishizhongyangjiyunongyenongcunfazhanjinruxindelishijieduan,zheyanyuzengjianongminshouru、gaishannongchanpingongjidezhilianghexiaoyisuozuochudezhongdazhanlvejucuo,weizouhaoxinxingnongyexiandaihuadaoluzhurulexindedongli。

3.congwanshannongcunjibenjingyingzhidugaigedaoquanmianshenhuanongcungaige。2005nian,xijinpingtongzhijiumingquetichu“gaigekaifangcu‘sannong’”deguandian。2006nian,tayouqiangdiao,“jianchituijinnongcungaigekaifang,jiushiyaojianchishenhuashichangquxiangdegaige,tigongyouliyu‘sannong’fazhandetizhijizhibaozhang,zheyanyutupochengxiangeryuanjiegou,xiaochuheyingxiangshufu‘sannong’fazhandezhiduzhangai,xingchengrangnongcunziyuanyaosuyouhuapeizhi、nongcunjingjizengzhangfangshijiakuaizhuanbian、nongcuncaifuyuanquanchongfenyongliudefazhantizhihejizhi”。dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuitongguode《zhonggongzhongyangebetguanwangquanmianshenhuagaigeruoganzhongdawentidejueding》zhichu,yaofuyunongmingengduocaichanquanli,tuijinchengxiangyaosupingdengjiaohuanhegonggongziyuanjunhengpeizhi,wanshanchengzhenhuajiankangfazhantizhijizhi。2015nian11yue,zhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa《shenhuanongcungaigezonghexingshishifangan》tichu,dangqianhejinhouyigeshiqi,shenhuanongcungaigeyaojujiaonongcunjitichanquanzhidu、nongyejingyingzhidu、nongyezhichibaohuzhidu、chengxiangfazhanyitihuatizhijizhihenongcunshehuizhilizhidudengwudalingyu。2016nian,xijinpingzongshujizaixiaogangcunnongcungaigezuotanhuishangzhichu,“xinxingshixiashenhuanongcungaige,zhuxianrengranshichulihaonongminhetudideguanxi。zuidadezhengce,jiushibixujianchihewanshannongcunjibenjingyingzhidu,jianchinongcuntudijitisuoyou,jianchijiatingjingyingjichuxingdiwei,jianchiwendingtudichengbaoguanxi”。tahaiqiangdiao,nongcunzonghegaige“yaozunzhongnongminyiyuanheweihunongminquanyi,baxuanzequanjiaojinongmin,younongminxuanzeerbushidaitinongminxuanze,keyishifanheyindao,danbugaoqiangpomingling、buguafeng、buyidaoqie。buguanzenmegai,doubunengbanongcuntudijitisuoyouzhigaikuale,bunengbagengdigaishaole,bunengbaliangshishengchannengligairuole,bunengbanongminliyisunhaile”。

4.congtongchouchengxiangfazhandaochengxiangronghefazhan。chengxiangeryuanjingjishehuijiegoushizhiyue“sannong”fazhandegenbenxingtizhizhangai。xijinpingtongzhizai2004nianjiumingquezhichu,tongchouchengxiangfazhan、tuijinchengxiangyitihuashijiejue“sannong”wentidegenbentujing。chengxiangyitihuadeshizhi,jiushidapoeryuanjiegou,xingchengyichengdaixiang、yixiangcucheng、chengxianghucugongjindefazhanjizhi,buduansuoxiaochengxiangchabie,shichengxiangjumingongxiangxiandaiwenmingshenghuo。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizhanzaixindelishigaodu,duishishitongchouchengxiangxing“sannong”fanglvedezhongyaoxinghebiyaoxingzuolegengshenkedechanshu。2012nian11yue,dangdeshibadabaogaomingquetichuyao“tuidongchengxiangfazhanyitihua”,xingchengyichengdaixiang、chengxiangyitidexinxingchengxiangguanxi。2013nian,xijinpingzongshujijiu《zhonggongzhongyangebetguanwangquanmianshenhuagaigeruoganzhongdawentidejueding(taolungao)》xiangquanhuisuozuodeshuomingzhongzhichu,“chengxiangfazhanbupinghengbuxiediao,shiwoguojingjishehuifazhancunzaidetuchumaodun,shiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、jiakuaituijinshehuizhuyixiandaihuabixujiejuedezhongdawenti。gaigekaifangyilai,woguonongcunmianmaofashenglefantianfudidebianhua。danshi,chengxiangeryuanjiegoumeiyougenbengaibian,chengxiangfazhanchajubuduanladaqushimeiyougenbenniuzhuan。genbenjiejuezheixiewenti,bixutuijinchengxiangfazhanyitihua”。zai2013nianzhongyangnongcungongzuohuiyishang,xijinpingzongshujitichu,“bachengxiangzuoweijingjishehuiheshengtaidaxitongjinxingtongchouguihuajianshe,shixingxinxinggongyehua、xinxingchengzhenhua、xinxihuayunongyenongcunxiandaihualiandongtuijin,kaichuangchengxiangjingjishehuifazhanyitihuaxinjumian”。dangdeshijiudabaogaomingquetichu,“jianlijianquanchengxiangronghefazhantizhijizhihezhengcetixi”,zheishixinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidebenzhiyaoqiu,yeshishishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlve,jiakuaituijinnongyenongcunxiandaihuadegenbenbaozhang。jianchichengxiangronghefazhanjiushiyaobachengshiyunongcunkanchengyigepingdengdeyoujizhengti,tuidongchengxiangyaosuziyouliudong、pingdengjiaohuan,tuidongxinxinggongyehua、xinxihua、xinxingchengzhenhua、nongyenongcunxiandaihuatongbufazhan,jiakuaixingchenggongnonghucu、chengxianghubu、quanmianronghe、gongtongfanrongdexinxinggongnongchengxiangguanxi。

ebet官网5.congfupinkaifadaojingzhunfupin。zaizhejianggongzuoqijian,xijinpingtongzhizhenduishengneiquyufazhandebupinghengxing,bazhexinan26geqianfadashanquxianzuoweiquanshengfupingongjiandezhanlvezhongdian,shishilezhendizhandefupingongjianmoshi,xianhouzuzhishishile“pinkunxiangzhentuopingongjian”“qianfadaxiangzhenbenxiaokang”“dishourunonghubenxiaokang”dengfupingongcheng,bingzaiquanshengzuzhikaizhanlejingjiqiangxianbangfuqianfadaxian、jingjiqiangzhenbangfuqianfadaxiangzhen、jingjiqiangcunbangfupinkuncundengjieduigongzuo,yijishichanghuayunzuode“shanhaixiezuogongcheng”,yindaohecujinfadadiqudelvsechanyeherencai、zijin、jishudengyaosuxiangqianfadadiqujinxingtiduzhuanyi。zhuyaomudejiushiyaotongguoyikaojingzhunbangfuhedongyuanquanshehuililianglaituidongquanshengqianfadadiqudetuopinzhifuhequyuxiediaofazhan。zhejiangyeyoucilvxianchengwei“shierwu”qijianquanguoshougexiaochujueduipinkunxianxianghexiaochunianshouru4600yuanyixiadishoururenkoudeshengfen。jinnianlai,suizhezhongguojingjijinruxinchangtai,fupingongzuoyetuijinzhi“zuihouyigongli”he“zuihouyiqunren”degongjianjieduan。xianjieduanzhongguofupinyijingcongjiejuewenbaoweizhuyaorenwujinrudaogongguwenbaochengguo、jiakuaituopinzhifu、gaishanshengtaihuanjing、suoxiaofazhanchaju、tigaofazhannenglihejiakuaibenxiaokangdexinjieduan。2013nian,xijinpingzongshujizaihunanxiangxidiaoyanshitichu,yaoshishijingzhunfupinfanglve,zuochule“shishiqiushi、yindizhiyi、fenleizhidao、jingzhunfupin”dezhongyaozhishi。2015nian,tayoujutitichulejingzhunfupindegainianheyaoqiu,qiangdiaoxinjieduanfupinyaozuodao“liugejingzhun”,jifupinduixiangjingzhun、xiangmuanpaijingzhun、zijinshiyongjingzhun、cuoshidaohujingzhun、yincunpairen(diyishuji)jingzhun、tuopinchengxiaojingzhun。2015nian6yue,xijinpingzongshujizaibufenshengqushifupingongjianyu“shisanwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzuotanhuishang,jinyibuqiangdiaoyao“jianchiyinrenyindishice、yinpinkunyuanyinshice、yinpinkunleixingshice,qubiebutongqingkuang”“fupinkaifaguizaijingzhun,zhongzaijingzhun,chengbaizhijuzaiyujingzhun”“gedidouyaozaizheijigejingzhunshangxiangbanfa、chushizhao、jianzhenxiao”。

(er)xijinpingtongzhizaizhejianggongzuoqijiandui“sannong”gongzuodetansuo,yunhanlexijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangdejingsuiyaoyi

ebet官网2005nian,xijinpingtongzhiduizuohaoxinshiqi“sannong”gongzuodeguilvjinxinglexitongzongjie,tichule“wugewubi”dezhongyaolunduan: wubizuodaozhizhengweiminzhong“sannong”、yirenweibenmou“sannong”、tongchouchengxiangxing“sannong”、gaigekaifangcu“sannong”、qiuzhenwushizhua“sannong”。zhei“wugewubi”shenkechanshule“sannong”gaigefazhanhezuohao“sannong”gongzuodeguilvxing,tixianzaixijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangzhizhong。

ebet官网1.bubiandezongzhiyishi: “zhizhengweiminzhong‘sannong’”。zheiyilinianqiangdiao“lidangweigong、zhizhengweiminshidangdegenbenzongzhi,nongminzhanjuedaduoshushizhongguodejibenguoqing,gongnonglianmengshidangzhizhengdezhengzhijichu,nongyeshiantianxia、wenminxindezhanlvechanye,‘sannong’wentishizhongyuebetguanwangdangheguojiadeshiyexiuqixiangguan”。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizaiduogechangheduociqiangdiao“zhongnong”sixiang。zai2013nianzhongyangnongcungongzuohuiyishang,xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,“xiaokangbuxiaokang,guanjiankanlaoxiang。yidingyaokandao,nongyehaishi‘sihuatongbu’deduantui,nongcunhaishiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuideduanban……nongyejichuwengu,nongcunhexiewending,nongminanjuleye,zhenggedajujiuyoubaozhang,gexianggongzuodouhuibijiaozhudong”。2016nian,xijinpingzongshujizaixiaogangcunzhuchizhaokainongcungaigezuotanhuishizhichu,“quandangbixushizhonggaoduzhongshinongye、nongcun、nongminwenti,ba‘sannong’gongzuolaolaozhuazhu、jinjinzhuahao,buduanzhuachuxindechengxiao”。zhiguolizheng“sannong”weixian,zheishixijinpingzongshujiduizhongguo“sannong”wentideshenkerenshi。meiyou“sannong”defazhan,jiubukenengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,yebukenengshixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomeng。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhongsuozhichude,“nongye、nongcun、nongminwentishiguanxiguojiminshengdegenbenxingwenti,bixushizhongbajiejuehao‘sannong’wentizuoweiquandanggongzuozhongzhongzhizhong”。zheiyeshizaixiangcunzhenxingzhanlveshishizhongbixujianchinongyenongcunyouxianfazhandelilunyiju。kejian,shishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlveyuxijinpingzongshujizhizhengweiminzhong“sannong”delinianshiyimaixiangchengde。

ebet官网2.shenhoudeweiminqinghuai: “yirenweibenmou‘sannong’”。zheijiushi“baebetguanwangdangyiqieweilequnzhong,yiqieyikaoqunzhongdegongzuoluxianguanchuanyu‘sannong’gongzuodegegefangmian;jiushiyaomingque‘sannong’wentidehexinshinongminwenti,nongminwentidehexinshizengjinliyihebaozhangquanyiwenti;jiushiyaobaqieshitigaonongminsuzhi、shixianrendequanmianfazhan,zuowei‘sannong’gongzuodegenbenchufadianheluojiaodian,shixianhao、weihuhao、fazhanhaonongmindewuzhiliyiheminzhuquanli,buduanzengqiangnongminqunzhongdeziwofazhannengli”。zheichongfentixianlexijinpingzongshuji“sannong”fazhanweilenongmin、fazhanyikaonongmin、fazhanchengguoyounongmingongxiangdezhongyaosixiang。xijinpingtongzhizaizhejianggongzuoqijian,weirao“yirenweibenmou‘sannong’”zuochudexiliebushu,shizhishangtixianleyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizaiduogechangheqiangdiao“quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,zuijianjuzuifanzhongderenwuzainongcun、tebieshizaipinkundiqu。meiyounongcundexiaokang,tebieshimeiyoupinkundiqudexiaokang,jiumeiyouquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui”“quebaodao2020niansuoyoupinkundiquhepinkunrenkouyidaomairuquanmianxiaokangshehui”“juebunengrangyigeshaoshuminzu、yigediqudiaodui,yaorang13yizhongguorenmingongxiangquanmianxiaokangdechengguo”。dangdeshijiudabaogaotichu,“quandangtongzhiyidingyaoyongyuanyurenmintonghuxi、gongmingyun、xinlianxin,yongyuanbarenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangzuoweifendoumubiao”。2017nianzhongyangnongcungongzuohuiyijinyibumingque,“shishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlve,shijiejuerenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaohebupinghengbuchongfendefazhanzhijianmaodundebiranyaoqiu,shishixian‘lianggeyibainian’fendoumubiaodebiranyaoqiu,shishixianquantirenmingongtongfuyudebiranyaoqiu”,shizhishangjiushiyaobanongminqunzhongduimeihaoshenghuodezhuiqiuzuoweixiangcunzhenxingdezuigaomubiao。

ebet官网3.jiexudezhanlvelujing: “tongchouchengxiangxing‘sannong’”。xijinpingtongzhizai2004nianjiumingquezhichu,tongchouchengxiangfazhan、tuijinchengxiangyitihuashijiejue“sannong”wentidegenbentujing。“tongchouchengxiangxing‘sannong’”,jiushi“yaozhanzaijingjishehuifazhanquanjudegaodu,queliyitongchouchengxiangfazhandefanglvejiejue‘sannong’wentidexinsilu,shixinggongyefanbunongye、chengshizhichinongcundefangzhen;jiushiyaobanongyedefazhanfangdaozhenggeguominjingjifazhanzhongtongchoukaolv,banongcundefanrongjinbufangdaozhenggeshehuijinbuzhongtongchouguihua,banongmindezengshoufangdaoguominshourufenpeidezonggejuzhongtongchouanpai。chongfenfahuichengshiduinongcundedaidongzuoyonghenongcunduichengshidecujinzuoyong,xingchengyichengdaixiang、yigongcunong、chengxianghudong、xiediaofazhandetizhihejizhi”。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizhanzaixindelishifangwei,dui“sannong”jiejuelujingjinxinglegengshenkeqingxidechanshu。2013nian,tajiu《zhonggongzhongyangebetguanwangquanmianshenhuagaigeruoganzhongdawentidejueding(taolungao)》xiangquanhuisuozuodeshuomingzhongzhichu,bixutongguotuijinchengxiangyitihuafazhan,gaibianchengxiangeryuanjiegou,niuzhuanchengxiangfazhanchajuladadequshi。2015nian,xijinpingzongshujizaizhuchizhongyangzhengzhijudiershiercijitixuexishiyouqiangdiao,yaojianquanchengxiangfazhanyitihuatizhijizhi,zhichu“yaobagongyehenongye、chengshihexiangcunzuoweiyigezhengtitongchoumouhua,cujinchengxiangzaiguihuabuju、yaosupeizhi、chanyefazhan、gonggongfuwu、shengtaibaohudengfangmianxianghuronghehegongtongfazhan。zhelidianshitongguojianlichengxiangronghedetizhijizhi,xingchengyigongcunong、yichengdaixiang、gongnonghuhui、chengxiangyitidexinxinggongnongchengxiangguanxi,mubiaoshizhubushixianchengxiangjuminjibenquanyipingdenghua、chengxianggonggongfuwujundenghua、chengxiangjuminshourujunhenghua、chengxiangyaosupeizhihelihua,yijichengxiangchanyefazhanronghehua”。chengxiangyitihuadeshizhi,jiushidapoeryuanjiegou,xingchengyichengdaixiang、yixiangcucheng、chengxianghucugongjindefazhanjizhi,buduansuoxiaochengxiangchabie,shichengxiangjumingongxiangxiandaiwenmingshenghuo。2017nian,xijinpingzongshujizaizhongyangnongcungongzuohuiyishangqiangdiao,bixuzhongsuchengxiangguanxi,zouchengxiangronghefazhanzhilu。bagonggongjichusheshijianshedezhongdianfangzainongcun,tuidongnongcunjichusheshijianshetidangshengji,youxianfazhannongcunjiaoyushiye,cujinnongcunlaodonglizhuanyijiuyehenongminzengshou,jiaqiangnongcunshehuibaozhangtixijianshe,tuijinjiankangxiangcunjianshe,chixugaishannongcunrenjuhuanjing,zhubujianlijianquanquanminfugai、puhuigongxiang、chengxiangyitidejibengonggongfuwutixi,jiakuaixingchenggongnonghucu、chengxianghubu、quanmianronghe、gongtongfanrongdexinxinggongnongchengxiangguanxi。

ebet官网4.bujiedefazhandongli: “gaigekaifangcu‘sannong’”。zheijiushi“yaoyiyushijujindejingshenzhuangtaiheqiangliedezhengzhizerenganshenrutuijingaigekaifang,buduanwei‘sannong’fazhantianhuoli、qiangdongli、zenghoujing;jiushiyaozhiliyutuijinchengxiangpeitaodegexianggaige,gechuyiqieyingxiang‘sannong’fazhandetizhibiduan,jianliyouliyuxiaochuchengxiangeryuanjiegoudejizhihetizhi;jiushiyaoyikaifangcufazhan,dalishishi‘zouchuqu’‘yinjinlai’dezhanlve,buduantuozhan‘sannong’fazhanxinkongjian”。xijinpingtongzhizai2006nianzhichu,“jianchituijinnongcungaigekaifang,jiushiyaojianchishenhuashichangquxiangdegaige,tigongyouliyu‘sannong’fazhandetizhijizhibaozhang,zheyanyutupochengxiangeryuanjiegou,xiaochuheyingxiangshufu‘sannong’fazhandezhiduzhangai,xingchengrangnongcunziyuanyaosuyouhuapeizhi、nongcunjingjizengzhangfangshijiakuaizhuanbian、nongcuncaifuyuanquanchongfenyongliudefazhantizhihejizhi”。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujiduocitichu,yaojiandingbuyishenhuanongcungaige,jiandingbuyijiakuainongcunfazhan,jiandingweihunongcunhexiewending,tixianleyushijujinshenhuanongcunzonghegaigedefazhansilu。2017nian,tazaizhongyangnongcungongzuohuiyishangqiangdiao,shishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlve,bixubazhidujiansheguanchuanqizhong。tuijintizhijizhichuangxin,qianghuaxiangcunzhenxingzhiduxinggongji。tongshiyetichugoujiannongyeduiwaikaifangxingeju,tigaowoguonongchanpinguojijingzhengli,jianlijianquanwoguonongyemaoyizhengcetixidengsixiang。

5.yiguandegongzuofangfa: “qiuzhenwushizhua‘sannong’”。zheishi“sannong”gongzuoyinggaijubeidegongzuozuofenghefangfa。xijinpingtongzhimingquezhichu,“ebetguanwangqiangdiaowubiqiuzhenwushizhua‘sannong’,jiushiyaojianchijiefangsixiang、shishiqiushi、yushijujindesixiangluxian,bawoxinshiqixinjieduan‘sannong’gongzuodekeguanguilv,jijitansuojiejue‘sannong’wentidexintujing;jiushiyaojianchijiangshihua、chushizhao、banshishi,batuijin‘sannong’gongzuodegexiangzhengcejucuozhenzhengluodaoshichu;jiushiyaolaogushulizhengquedezhengjiguan,qieshizhuanbiangongzuozuofeng,zhenxinshiyidiweinongminqunzhongmouliyi,shanyudailingnongminqunzhonggongchuangmeihaoshenghuo”。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizaiduogechangheqiangdiao,yaojianchi“yifenbushu,jiufenluoshi”“yaozhuashi、zaizhuashi,buzhuashi,zaihaodelantuzhinengshiyizhikongwen,zaijindemubiaozhinengshijinghuashuiyue”“luqixiuzijiayougan”dengqiuzhenwushidegongzuoyaoqiu。zaibushuxiangcunzhenxinggongzuoshi,taqiangdiaoyaokexuebawoxiangcundechayixinghefazhanzoushifenhuatezheng,jijinlierwei,youlianglierxing,bugaocengcengjiama,bugaoyidaoqie,bugaoxingshizhuyi,jiujiuweigong,zhashituijin,zhenzhengbashishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvebaizaiyouxianweizhi,badangguannongcungongzuodeyaoqiuluodaoshichu。

ebet官网si、yixijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangweizhiyin,gaoshuipingtuijinzhejiangxiangcunzhenxingdexinshijian

ebet官网dangdeshijiudakaiqilexinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidexinzhengcheng,yefankailexinshidaixiangcunquanmianzhenxingdexinpianzhang。zhejiangshixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdezhongyaomengfadi,yeshijianxingxijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangdexianxingshengfen。zaiquanmianshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedexinshidai,zhejiangzhenganzhao“bingchizhejiangjingshen,ganzaishichu、zouzaiqianlie、yonglichaotou”dexinyaoqiu,yigengdadejuexin、genggaodeyaoqiu、gengshidejucuo,gaoshuipingtuijinxiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedeshishi,tuidongnongyequanmianshengji、nongcunquanmianjinbu、nongminquanmianfazhan,weishixianxiangcunquanmianzhenxinghenongyenongcunxiandaihuatigongzhejiangjingyan、zhejiangzhihui。

1.shenkelinghuixijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangdejingshenshizhi,jiujiuweigongzhualuoshi。jiehexinshidaishishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedexintedianxinyaoqiu,renzhenxuexi、shenkebawoxijinpingzongshujiebetguanwang“sannong”gongzuodezhongyaosixiangdefengfuneihanhehexinyaoyi,jiujiuweigong、shanzuoshancheng、yizhuadaodi。jianchi“zhizhengweiminzhong‘sannong’”,jiandingshishinongyenongcunyouxianfazhanzhanlve;jianchi“yirenweibenmou‘sannong’”,banongminqunzhongduimeihaoshenghuodezhuiqiuzuowei“sannong”fazhandezuigaomubiao;jianchi“tongchouchengxiangxing‘sannong’”,batuijinchengxiangfazhanyitihuazuoweijiejuehaoxinshidai“sannong”wentidegenbenlujing;jianchi“gaigekaifangcu‘sannong’”,bagoujianchengxiangronghedetizhijizhizuoweixinshidai“sannong”fazhandegenbendongli;jianchi“qiuzhenwushizhua‘sannong’”,jijitansuobawoxinshidai“sannong”fazhandeguilvxing,zhenzhuashigantuidongzhejiang“sannong”fazhanjixuzouzaiquanguoqianlie。

ebet官网2.yi“wuwangongcheng”weizhuzhuashou,quanmianshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvewudaxingdong。shishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlveshijiejuexinshidai“sannong”wentidezhongdazhanlvejuece。zhejianganzhao“chanyexingwang、shengtaiyiju、xiangfengwenming、zhiliyouxiao、shenghuofuyu”zongyaoqiu,zhenjinbaiyinditou,zhenxinshiyidigan,jiakuaituidongxiangcunchanyezhenxing、xiangcunrencaizhenxing、xiangcunwenhuazhenxing、xiangcunshengtaizhenxing、xiangcunzuzhizhenxing。zaijutishijianzhong,yishishiwanjiaxinxingnongyezhutitisheng、wangejingqucunzhuangchuangjian、wanjiawenhualitangyinling、wancunshanzhishifan、wanyuannongminshouruxinzengde“wuwangongcheng”weizhuzhuashou,quanmianshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlvewudaxingdong——shishixiangcunchanyezhenxingxingdong,quanmianjiakuaichanyeronghefazhan;shishixinshidaimeilixiangcunjianshexingdong,quanmiandazaorenyuziranhexiegongshengxingeju;shishiwenhuaxingshengxingdong,quanmiansuzaochunpowenminglianghaoxiangfeng;shishizizhifazhidezhi“sanzhijiehe”tishengxingdong,quanmiantuijinxiangcunzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua;shishifuminhuiminxingdong,quanmiancujinquantinongmingongtongfuyu。

3.lvxiangoujianchengxiangronghedetizhijizhi,houzhichengxiangronghefazhanxinyoushi。“gaigekaifangshiqiangguozhilu,shishehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshedegenbendongli,yeshituidongnongcunjingjishehuifazhandebujiedongli。”xinshidai“sannong”fazhanbixuxianggaigeyaodongli、yaohuoli。zhejiangshenrutuijinchengxiangronghefazhantizhijizhijianshe,dalituijinchengxiangyaosuziyouliudong、pingdengjiaohuan,jianchixinxingchengshihuayuxiangcunzhenxingzhanlveshuanglunqudong,jianchichengzhenhuayunichengzhenhuashuangxiangtuijin,jiakuaixingchenggongnonghucu、chengxianghubu、quanmianronghe、gongtongfanrongdexinxinggongnongchengxiangguanxi。gongguhewanshannongcunjibenjingyingzhidu,jiakuainongcuntudichengbaojingyingquanquequandengjibanzheng,wanshanchengbaodi“sanquanfenzhi”zhidu;jijitansuozhaijidisuoyouquan、zigequan、shiyongquande“sanquanfenzhi”;tansuoxingchengtongquantongjia、tongdengrushi、liuzhuanshunchang、shouyigongxiangdenongcunjitijingyingxingjiansheyongdirushizhidu;shenhuanongcunjitichanquanzhidugaige,jinyibucujinziyuanbianzichan、zijinbiangujin、sheyuanbiangudong“sanbian”gaige;shenhua“sanweiyiti”de“nonghelian”gaige,wanshannongyeshehuihuafuwutixi,cujinxiaonongyuxiandainongyedeyoujixianjie。

4.zengchuangxiangcunzhenxingfazhanxinyoushi,tuidongxinshidaizhejiang“sannong”shixianxinfeiyue。yanzhexijinpingtongzhiweizhejiang“sannong”fazhanzhiyindedaolu,quanmianshishixiangcunzhenxingzhanlve,zaishijianzhongbuduantansuochuangxin、dadangaige,shishengtaiyiju、tesexiangcun、renwenxiangcun、shanzhixiangcun、zhihuixiangcun、gongfuxiangcunchengweizhejiangnongcundepubiantezheng,tuidongzhejiang“sannong”fazhanzaixindeqidianshangshixianxindefeiyue。zhelizhanxianzhejianggaoxiaoshengtaixiandainongyedexinfengcai,hangshinongyejichudiwei,shinongyelvsehua、youzhihua、pinpaihua、duogongnenghua、chanyeronghehuafazhantezhengxianming,xinjingyingzhuti、xinjingyingmoshi、xinjingyingyetaihuolichongfenyongxian,dalifazhannongcundianzishangwu,buduantuozhanyangshengyanglao、yundongjiankangdengxinyetai,zuoyouzuojingnongjiale、minsudengxinchanye,gulizhichizibenrencailiuxiangnongyenongcun,rangnongyezhenzhengchengweiyoubentoudechanye。zhelizhanxianxinshidaizhejiangxinnongcunyijuyiyeyiyoudemeilixiangcunxinfengqing,renzhenluoshi“dahuayuan”jianshexingdonggangyao,zhashituijinwancunjingquhuajianshe,gonggukuodazhishuichengguo,tuijinshenghuolajifenleichuli,quanmiantuijincunzhuangguihua、cunzhuangshejihenongfangsheji,jiansheyipijuyouxiangtuqixi、jiangnanyunweidezhepaiminju,shimeilixiangcunjichengweinongminmeihaoshenghuodexingfujiayuan,yechengweichenglirendexiuxianleyuan、yangshenggongyuanheyanglaoshengdi;quanmiansuzaochunpowenmingdelianghaoxiangfeng,yonghaochuantongwenhuazainongcundiyunshenhou、liuchuanjiuyuandeyoushi,changdaoxiandaiwenminglinianheshenghuofangshi,rangqingfengzhengqichongyingmeiyigexiangcun,rangjiajiaojiafengzirunmeiyigejiating,rangxiangcunwenmaichuanchengdaoxiayidai;quanmianjiaqiangxiangcunshehuizhili,yi“zuiduopaoyici”gaigetuijinxiangcunzhilijichenghua,wanshanzizhi、fazhi、dezhi“sanzhironghe”zhilitixi,tuijinxiangcunzhilizhiduchuangxin,shixianzhengfuzhiliheshehuidiaojie、juminzizhiliangxinghudong。zhelizhanxianxinshidaizhejiangxinnongmin“ainongye、dongjishu、huijingying”dexinfengmao,shinongminzhenzhengchengweirangrenxianmudetimianzhiye;quanmianchuangzaonongminqunzhongdefuyushenghuo,qianfangbaijizengjianongminshouru,chixugaishankunnanqunzhongshenghuo,jijizhuangdacunjitijingji,rangnongminqunzhongguoshanggengjiaxingfumeihaoderizi。