Oral surgery is a well known specialty in dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and relevant treatment of diseases, defects and injuries involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the soft and hard tissues of the teeth, gums, neck, jaws and head. Oral and maxillofacial surgery also includes dental implants, wisdom teeth removal, oral pathology, bone grafts, TMJ disorder, anesthesia, apicoectomy, corrective jaw surgery, facial trauma along may other procedures. Have a glance on various procedures that are mentioned below:

Dental Implants: It has become one of the most common procedures to replace missing teeth or provide stability to an existing or a new denture. These procedures are performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon. There are various techniques which are used to perform such procedures. These techniques may vary, depend on surgeons or dentists.

Corrective Jaw Surgery: It is also known as orthognathic surgery which is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. There are various reasons for this surgery which are as follows

Incorrect or malocclusion bite
Un-Proportioned facial appearance and incorrect jaw position
Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ) and dysfunction caused by deformation or trauma.
Difficulties in chewing, eating, opening & closing the mouth.
Minor or major trauma
Grinding or clinching of the teeth that causes excess tooth wear

Tooth Extractions: It's also known as one of the most recognized oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures. Following reasons may be responsible for this:

Primary teeth that have failed to fall out, preventing the eruption of permanent teeth.
Partially or injured eruted wisdom teeth
Teeth beyond repair either from root fraction, trauma or tooth decay.
Orthodontic treatment plan may require removal of some teeth to achieve the best result.

There are various other procedures are associated with oral and maxillofacial surgery. If you have any kinds of problem … Read the rest

It can be difficult to choose which braces are best. Most people opt for traditional metal braces since they are the most affordable. However, adults who want to straighten their teeth have issues wearing metal braces, especially if they work in a community environment. There are clear braces options for adults who want a discreet way of straightening their teeth.

Invisible braces are surprisingly common. Clear braces are not noticeable at all, which is why they are not commonly known about since no one is every actually seen wearing them. Many adults do not like their teeth, but do not get braces to fix them because they are metal and considered unattractive and childish. Yet invisible braces are a great option that not many people realize exists.

There are things to consider when debating which kind of braces to get – metal or the many varieties of invisible braces. There is the cost of clear braces over metal, the length of time that each kind of braces need to be worn, appearance, and effect of braces.

Invisible braces cost depends on which kind of invisible braces are chosen. Braces need to be worn for a year or two on most patients. Comfortable braces are important to have. Metal braces are not very comfortable and can be unpleasant in appearance.

Metal braces have a higher chance of becoming loose and breaking. Both invisible and metal braces have the same effect, but clear braces cost more. Metal braces are more affordable and effective at handling severe alignment problems.

There are three kinds of invisible braces – clear ceramic, Invisalign, and lingual braces. Ceramic braces are invisible and cost slightly more than traditional braces. They are the perfect option for patients who want to feel good about the look of their teeth without … Read the rest

There are several methods for replacing a missing tooth, including a dental implant, dentures, or a dental bridge. A quick fix that is relatively inexpensively is called a dental bridge.

Because something has to hold the replacement tooth (called a pontic) in place, a bridge attaches to the two adjunct teeth. The dentist can construct both a permanent and a temporary bridge. Depending upon which you prefer or your particular situation, the dentist will recommend one over the other.

There are two basic types of bridges available. The first type requires the permanent alteration of your adjacent teeth. The tooth on either side of the gap must be trimmed back substantially. The altered tooth will have a permanent crown mounted on them. The bridge will then span the gap, holding the artificial tooth.

The second type of bridge is often called a Maryland bridge. It does not permanently alter the teeth on either side of the gap. Instead, the dentist will permanently attach the pontic by using "wings" that attach to the rear of the adjunct teeth. Depending upon where in your mouth the replacement tooth is located, the bridge could have two or four wings holding it secure.

There are two drawbacks to a Maryland bridge. First, it is weaker than the other type of bridge and is sooner to breaking or coming unglued. Second, the replacement tooth can not be translucent. Due to the metal wiring behind it, a translucent tooth could be unsightly. In addition, the metal wiring designs to cast a gray hue over the adjunct teeth. There is a replacement tooth available that is reinforced with natural-colored plastic wings, but it is substantially more expensive. However, considering it is your smile we are talking about, the additional cost may be worth it for you.

A … Read the rest

It is not only the teeth that are part of dental surgery. Gum surgery falls under this as well. The purpose of your gums is to give shape and form to the contours of your mouth and provide as a frame for your teeth. Sometimes teeth may appear too long or too short, which is a clear sign of gum disease or recession. Many people opt for cosmetic surgery on their gums to keep their smile looking perfect.

There are only two types of cosmetic gum surgical procedures done; when gums are large (excessive gingival display) or when the gums are too small (gum recession). A "gummy smile" occurs when the teeth are too worn, or a long jawbone, or a short upper lip that causes the teeth to appear small and the gums appear large. A long tooth smile (excessive gingival display) is caused by receding gums, exposing the teeth, resulting in a weaker frame and teeth.

What types of surgery is needed for this? For excess gingival display, gum tissue is remodeled and / or removed to make it more proportioned with teeth. Lasers are the tool of choice for reshaping gums. If a laser is not enough, crown lengthening is done on the teeth as well. After the surgery, the patient is advised to gargle anti-bacterial rinse for two weeks to avoid infection.

Gum recession is when the gums have receded due to many factors. The procedure to fix it involves taking tissue from the roof of the mouth and grafting it on the part of the gums that need repair. The grafted tissue serves to strengthen the gums and teeth. Gums are sometimes lifted instead, covering the exposed teeth. Unlike excessive gingival display, gum recession poses some health risks. If the tooth is not covered by … Read the rest

Most dentists agree that the curriculum in the majority of dental schools does not adequately cover the subjects of orthopedics and orthodontics. I believe that the knowledge and understanding of orthopedics (functional orthodontics) is the missing link in the education of general dentists.

FUNCTIONAL ORTHODONTICS

Ideally, children with developing malocclusions should be treated with functional appliances in order to guide their growth and to prevent more serious problems later on. Functional orthodontics has, as its foundation, balanced function of all components of the stomatognathic system. Properly developed arches, patent airways, the mandible properly related to the maxilla, and correct vertical dimension all contribute to balanced function of the head, neck and facial muscles. Children treated with the functional philosophy can be done non-surgically and without the extraction of permanent teeth in most cases.

MAXILLARY ARCH

Since the roof of the mouth is the floor of the nose, a properly developed maxillary arch encouragements nasal breathing and can assist with improving such symptoms as nasal allergies, asthma, and sinus problems. One of the most common causes of constriction of the maxillary arch is an airway obstruction, which causes mouth breathing. Another cause of constraint would be enlarged tonsils, which prevent the tongue from posturing on the roof of the mouth upon swallowing. It is the ability of the tongue to position itself on the palate that allows for proper lateral development of the alveolar processes, which helps to develop the maxillary arch to its normal size.

MAXILLO-MANDIBULAR RELATIONSHIP

This narrowing of the maxillary arch, in turn, causes the mandible to be held in a retruded position. This retrusion of the mandible is implicated in jaw joint disorders as well as snoring and sleep apnea. The nerves and blood vessels are located at the back of the socket of the TMJ (jaw … Read the rest

Before we can get to a point of understanding porcelain dental-veneers, it would be a good idea to first have a basic understanding of what dental veneers are, and what their roles in dentistry are.

Dental-veneers, as name suggests, are veneers that are worn over teeth. In simpler terms, they are specially-made tooth coverings. Like all other types of veneers, dental veneers are meant to 'cover-up' for something on the teeth. One thing that dental veneers can cover is teeth-coloring, giving the wearer what are effectively excellent white teeth! There are two categories of people who use this approach – of wearing veneers – to the teeth whitening problem. The first category is that of those whose teeth are so poorly stained that they will not respond to bleaching, which is for many people the 'first line of treatment' for teeth whitening. The second category is that of those whose teeth may not be so badly stained, but who nonetheless find the idea of ​​teeth bleaching somewhat off-putting. Both groups find in dental veneers a teeth whitening aid that produces perfect results (the veneers worn are ultra-thin), and one whose effect holds for long.

Other things that dental veneers can cover include imperfect teeth alignment, missing teeth, or teeth spacing 'defects.'

Of course, the use of veneers is not limited to cosmetic dentistry only. Outside cosmetic dentistry, the veneers may also be used in the treatment of cracks and chips in the teeth – especially cracks and chips which are so big that bonding would not work in repairing them.

Now the veneers that are worn for these various functions are usually bought from dental providers, and then customized by dental technicians in dental clinics.

There are two main types of veneers: the porcelain dental-veneers we are looking at, and … Read the rest

In our continuous attempt to be more physically attractive, we have conquered every possible aspect of the human body and face. Various technological advancements have been taken to provide the answers to this social need. Our smiles, to be particular, are one of the lighting features in our faces. This is the reason why we are striving to attain that perfect set of teeth. The field of dental cosmetology has been in a boom. The veneers dental option is one of the most popular options in the said field.

Basically, veneers are dental jackets that are designed to cover worn tooth enamel or to deal with dental spaced, chips or cracks. They are made of a ceramic material that is similar to the teeth.

Here are some basic facts about veneers.

1. They are made of either composite or porcelain. Composite veneers can be directly built on the mouth or made at the dental laboratory before it is bonded to the teeth. Porcelain veneers, on the other hand, are fabricated indirectly. One important thing to take note about porcelain veneers is that it does not simply work for everybody. Certain dental examinations have to be taken before a porcelain veneer can be used to assess the compatibility for this procedure.

2. Porcelain veneers are preferred by most because of the natural effect it gives off once incorporated in the teeth since it is translucent. More so, they are highly resistant to stains, which is an uncommon characteristic for most, if not all, dental bonding materials. This capacity of porcelain veneers to deal with stains makes it possible for tobacco, tea or coffee addicts to get a porcelain veneer and have that gorgeous smile.

3. Composite veneers have lesser tendency of being chipped and, consequently, broken in comparison to their porcelain … Read the rest

A Dental veneer may also be known as a porcelain veneer or a porcelain laminate is a custom-made shell that is typically bonded to the front of the tooth surface to improve the appearance. It is usually made of thin porcelain or polymers and covers the tooth in order to change the color, size or shape of the tooth. In addition to changing the appearance, it can also be used to protect the surface of the tooth that has been damaged.

A porcelain dental veneer is more stain-resistant, and is also much closer in appearance to natural teeth than those made from resins, which are typically thinner and require less work before placement. Your dentist will help you to determine the best type of veneer for your situation.

You can a dental veneer for a solution in a number of different cases that include:

• Where the tooth surface has become worn or discolored
• Teeth with a large amount of filling may become unsightly and can be covered with a porcelain veneer.
• Teeth that are worn down, broken or chipped can be resurfaced with porcelain dental laminates.
• Gaps in between teeth or teeth that are misaligned can be filled with veneers.

It usually takes at least 3 trips to the dentist to obtain a dental veneer. The first trip will be for a consultation, and subsequent trips will involve custom making and bonding of the veneer. During the initial consultation, your dentist may recommend or ask about your need for wanting a veneer. She will explain the procedure, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages.

The procedure may also involve taking X-rays of the teeth, along with dental impressions of both your lower and upper jaw. In order to prepare for the veneer, a small amount of enamel … Read the rest

If you are in the market for dental coverage, then you are probably already in pain. If you are not – good for you! It is always wise to get your hands on some dental insurance before you need it, but if you are already ready to see the dentist, then you will still come out ahead.

Full coverage dental insurance is the type of insurance that most people are looking for when they think of dental insurance. There are multiple types of dental plans from which to choose – some are actual discount plans while others are insurance. Full coverage dental insurance is not a discount plan, but much more like medical insurance. It does not cover everything, but it can save you a lot of money.

For most full coverage dental insurance plans, you will pay out of pocket for the first year. After that, the insurance kicks in more and more, usually up to a maximum level within three years. For instance, if your insurance plan only covers 10% of a root canal in year one, it may cover 30% in year two, and 50% in year three. Discount plans rarely increase their coverage over time.

Keep in mind that with any dental plan, there are always things that will not be covered. Most cosmetic dentistry (except that required because of accidents) is not covered, and neither is orthodontia. But, you can save a lot of money on many typical procedures such as fillings, root canals, extracts, and crowns.

In this day and age, you really can not afford to be without dental coverage. If the worst happens and you break a tooth, lose a tooth due to injury, or suffering from dental pain, it is reassuring to know that you can afford to go to the … Read the rest

Supplemental dental insurance is simply insurance that is purchased directly from the insurance company itself. Someone looking to find dental coverage will go through this insurance company rather than through their workplace because their job may not offer dental coverage. It is not uncommon for employers to offer very little if any dental coverage at all, but some are offering an option for you to opt in or opt out of a supplementary dental insurance policy, in which they will pay part of your premium.

The reason this type of dental insurance is becoming so popular is that the costs of dentistry has gone through the roof and then have the premiums, so that employers are no longer able to offer those dental insurance plans to their workers.

So who really needs supplementary dental insurance?

1. The self employed. They have to pay their own dental costs and there are discount dental plans that can save a lot of money on both individual dental care and for families of the self-employed as well. Self-employed dental care can offer discounts on basic care like cleansings and x-rays and for cosmetic dentistry as well, like teeth-whitening and braces.

2. Business owners. Employers will find it easier to offer this type of dental care to their employees. In many cases dental insurance companies will make supplementary and voluntary dental insurance available even if the business is relatively small.

3. Those in need of a lot of dental work. If you have put off going to the dentist because you can not afford dental insurance and you know you need a lot of work done on your teeth, then a discount dental plan may be the best option for you. Do not try to go in there and pay for all your dentistry at … Read the rest

Health insurance is something Everyone thinks about but what about Dental Insurance Plans? Many full-time employers provide health insurance at a significantly lower rate than an individual would pay on their own. Dental care is just as important as healthcare. Poor dental health can lead to many health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer's disease. For these reasons, it is important to consider Dental Insurance Plans or Dental Discount Plans when looking to save money.

When choosing a Dental Insurance Plans, you should decide who needs coverage. If you have children, you may choose to purchase dental plans for only them. Children have different dental needs than adults and those costs can easily skyrocket. Braces and other orthodontic procedures are common for teens and can easily empty your bank account if you do not have dental coverage.

Adults and kids require routine cleanings. Most Dental Insurance Plans and some Dental Discount Plans may cover the entire cost of such routine preventive care. This can save you several hundred dollars on cleanings alone for the entire family.

Finding affordable Dental Insurance Plans that cover all your dental needs can be challenging. If you purchase an insurance plan that is a PPO, remember to only visit providers that are "in-network." Paying out-of-network costs can be just as costly as having no insurance at all. Your insurance company will provide you with a list of approved in-network dentists. Dental Discount Plans do not require that you participate in a certain network and will provide a list of participating dentist for you.

A Dental Discount Plan could save you thousands of dollars per year on cleanings, x-rays and dental work. For example, root canals are not all that uncommon and are very expensive. Crowns and fillings can also become expensive when … Read the rest

Dental implant is a procedure in dentistry wherey an artificial tooth root is used in order to support reconstruction that resembles a group of teeth or a single tooth.

Today there are a number of implants available and each one is designed to perform a particular function. Titanium, an inactive metal or metal that is inert and which has been tested and recorded to be very effective in combining with the living bone, is used in most dental implants today. The process by which the living bone and the surface of the artificial titanium implant are structurally and functionally connected is called "Osseointegration".

The jawbone plays a very important role in Dental implant. The size and shape of the jawbone has a very vital role to play in terms of deciding the type of implant required in an individual. Where the jawbone is deep and wide, a screw type cylindrical implant which is called "root-form" very similar to the actual tooth root is placed. Where the bone of the jaw is short and narrow and it is almost impossible to place a root form implant, the jawbone area is enhanced by bone grafting which helps easy and effective placement of the root form implant. For short and narrow jawbones, which can not be enhanced by grafting of the bone, a special form of implant called the "plate form" implant is used. In cases where there has been a complex bone loss, another form of implant called the "subperiosteal" form of implant is prescribed.

Root Form Implants:

These are considered to be the closest in size and shape when compared with the root of the original tooth. They are mostly used in deep and wide jaw bones that provide a wide base for replacing one or more teeth. Once anesthetic is … Read the rest