Oral surgery is a well known specialty in dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and relevant treatment of diseases, defects and injuries involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the soft and hard tissues of the teeth, gums, neck, jaws and head. Oral and maxillofacial surgery also includes dental implants, wisdom teeth removal, oral pathology, bone grafts, TMJ disorder, anesthesia, apicoectomy, corrective jaw surgery, facial trauma along may other procedures. Have a glance on various procedures that are mentioned below:

Dental Implants: It has become one of the most common procedures to replace missing teeth or provide stability to an existing or a new denture. These procedures are performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon. There are various techniques which are used to perform such procedures. These techniques may vary, depend on surgeons or dentists.

Corrective Jaw Surgery: It is also known as orthognathic surgery which is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. There are various reasons for this surgery which are as follows

Incorrect or malocclusion bite
Un-Proportioned facial appearance and incorrect jaw position
Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ) and dysfunction caused by deformation or trauma.
Difficulties in chewing, eating, opening & closing the mouth.
Minor or major trauma
Grinding or clinching of the teeth that causes excess tooth wear

Tooth Extractions: It's also known as one of the most recognized oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures. Following reasons may be responsible for this:

Primary teeth that have failed to fall out, preventing the eruption of permanent teeth.
Partially or injured eruted wisdom teeth
Teeth beyond repair either from root fraction, trauma or tooth decay.
Orthodontic treatment plan may require removal of some teeth to achieve the best result.

There are various other procedures are associated with oral and maxillofacial surgery. If you have any kinds of problem … Read the rest

It can be difficult to choose which braces are best. Most people opt for traditional metal braces since they are the most affordable. However, adults who want to straighten their teeth have issues wearing metal braces, especially if they work in a community environment. There are clear braces options for adults who want a discreet way of straightening their teeth.

Invisible braces are surprisingly common. Clear braces are not noticeable at all, which is why they are not commonly known about since no one is every actually seen wearing them. Many adults do not like their teeth, but do not get braces to fix them because they are metal and considered unattractive and childish. Yet invisible braces are a great option that not many people realize exists.

There are things to consider when debating which kind of braces to get – metal or the many varieties of invisible braces. There is the cost of clear braces over metal, the length of time that each kind of braces need to be worn, appearance, and effect of braces.

Invisible braces cost depends on which kind of invisible braces are chosen. Braces need to be worn for a year or two on most patients. Comfortable braces are important to have. Metal braces are not very comfortable and can be unpleasant in appearance.

Metal braces have a higher chance of becoming loose and breaking. Both invisible and metal braces have the same effect, but clear braces cost more. Metal braces are more affordable and effective at handling severe alignment problems.

There are three kinds of invisible braces – clear ceramic, Invisalign, and lingual braces. Ceramic braces are invisible and cost slightly more than traditional braces. They are the perfect option for patients who want to feel good about the look of their teeth without … Read the rest

There are several methods for replacing a missing tooth, including a dental implant, dentures, or a dental bridge. A quick fix that is relatively inexpensively is called a dental bridge.

Because something has to hold the replacement tooth (called a pontic) in place, a bridge attaches to the two adjunct teeth. The dentist can construct both a permanent and a temporary bridge. Depending upon which you prefer or your particular situation, the dentist will recommend one over the other.

There are two basic types of bridges available. The first type requires the permanent alteration of your adjacent teeth. The tooth on either side of the gap must be trimmed back substantially. The altered tooth will have a permanent crown mounted on them. The bridge will then span the gap, holding the artificial tooth.

The second type of bridge is often called a Maryland bridge. It does not permanently alter the teeth on either side of the gap. Instead, the dentist will permanently attach the pontic by using "wings" that attach to the rear of the adjunct teeth. Depending upon where in your mouth the replacement tooth is located, the bridge could have two or four wings holding it secure.

There are two drawbacks to a Maryland bridge. First, it is weaker than the other type of bridge and is sooner to breaking or coming unglued. Second, the replacement tooth can not be translucent. Due to the metal wiring behind it, a translucent tooth could be unsightly. In addition, the metal wiring designs to cast a gray hue over the adjunct teeth. There is a replacement tooth available that is reinforced with natural-colored plastic wings, but it is substantially more expensive. However, considering it is your smile we are talking about, the additional cost may be worth it for you.

A … Read the rest

It is not only the teeth that are part of dental surgery. Gum surgery falls under this as well. The purpose of your gums is to give shape and form to the contours of your mouth and provide as a frame for your teeth. Sometimes teeth may appear too long or too short, which is a clear sign of gum disease or recession. Many people opt for cosmetic surgery on their gums to keep their smile looking perfect.

There are only two types of cosmetic gum surgical procedures done; when gums are large (excessive gingival display) or when the gums are too small (gum recession). A "gummy smile" occurs when the teeth are too worn, or a long jawbone, or a short upper lip that causes the teeth to appear small and the gums appear large. A long tooth smile (excessive gingival display) is caused by receding gums, exposing the teeth, resulting in a weaker frame and teeth.

What types of surgery is needed for this? For excess gingival display, gum tissue is remodeled and / or removed to make it more proportioned with teeth. Lasers are the tool of choice for reshaping gums. If a laser is not enough, crown lengthening is done on the teeth as well. After the surgery, the patient is advised to gargle anti-bacterial rinse for two weeks to avoid infection.

Gum recession is when the gums have receded due to many factors. The procedure to fix it involves taking tissue from the roof of the mouth and grafting it on the part of the gums that need repair. The grafted tissue serves to strengthen the gums and teeth. Gums are sometimes lifted instead, covering the exposed teeth. Unlike excessive gingival display, gum recession poses some health risks. If the tooth is not covered by … Read the rest

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